Love and Hate

Profoundly tender and passionate affection is Love; feeling of warm attachment is love; strong predilection and liking for someone or something is love; Above all, at the top of everything, Love points at sexual desire and its gratification.

Every human being knows love; every bird, every animal, every living organism feels love, experiences love, lives in love.

Intense and passionate dislike is Hate; feeling of strong hostility is hate; aversion to something or someone is hate; unwilling to interfere and to act wherever needed also constitute a version of Hate.

Every human being knows hate; every bird, every animal, every living organism undergoes hate; everyone keeps hate as a life-partner.

Linguists are very curious to find out which word in the linguafranca has the same meaning with different looks: Hate has not been an exception. One of the linguists found out that hate originated from old English word ‘hete’. Hete means hostility and aversion arising out of fear or anger or injury.

Love and hate are slated to be two of the most intense emotions: They are marked as closely connected with each other with totally different aptitudes. It has been a serious concern for scientists to locate the particular part of the human body where love-hate mechanisms are situated.

Researchers at University College, London on their relentless pursuits, have discovered that brain houses love and hate at a safe location called putamen insular cortex or medial frontal gyrus. Their hypothesis is that these regions protect love from hate through its spiteful reaction. They clarified that some of the brain circuits are equally responsible for generating the experiences of love and hate even though both are opposite to each other in quality and nature. Not only that, their conclusions indicated that hate is intended primarily to protect love.

The Researchers are reported to have also found that when a person undergoes feeling of love, the frontal cortex connected with mental activity of critical thinking becomes less excitatory as compared to normal working: When hate situations are introduced the particular brain area assumed energetic response, well-set to strongly react.

The above findings still need further elucidation. A deep study based on the excitatory and inhibitory responses of the sensory centres in the cortex might lead to the truth. Whatever it is, the reported findings give credence to the conclusion that love diminishes reasoning and critical thinking whereas hate produces instant aggressive sensory experience with strong motor reaction against hate-situations. It is common phenomenon that when an individual is in deep love with someone or something, the person concerned becomes unaware of reality and acts without reasoning. Very often such situations lead to animosity and hate leading to mental and physical hazards for the lover and the loved. Simply put, that is how ‘blind-love’ impacts.

Let the Researchers and psychologists in Western universities continue spending the bounty of their time and energy to find the special spot in the brain that produces love and hate. In the meanwhile those who are not averse or hesitant to Pavlovian theory of neuroscience know pretty well that love and hate are not housed in any particular brain-spot. As in the case of any other feelings and emotions, love and hate is also the product of excitatory and inhibitory reactions of nerve cells in the sensory centres: The Sensory centres are located in the cerebral cortex. Sensory centres are excited through reflex action and induce sensory experiences including love and hate, when stimuli from environs reach the centres through sense organs of the living entity, irrespective of whether the entities are humans or animals or any other living organism.

Frontal cortex of the brain which houses the five sensory centres is responsible for all types of mental and physical experiences and reactions including motor response. Since love and hate are emotional sensory experiences, these emotional feelings are certainly the product of brain-centric sensory reactions.

Meeting the physical needs is the basic requirement that ensures life, growth and survival of the living organism. Ingestible food and water, suitable environs for existence, procreation of new generation are fundamental physical needs.

Love enables the organism to meet its fundamental physical needs with the aid of hate. It is Hate that identifies what is appropriate and suitable for love to meet the physical needs. Hate executes the selection of the suitable by strong reaction in favor of whatever and wherever the objects are suitable for love to help to meet the physical needs or by strong reaction to reject whatever and wherever the resources are not suitable for love to help meet the physical needs. These are primitive love-hate reactions which are confined to lower animate species and the humans. The individual to individual communication mechanism of First Signal System gives boost for love-hate reaction among these species.

As for humans the scenario assumes greater significance: When homo-erectus evolved into homo-sapiens, their brain activities and intelligence became enormously complex. Development of Second Signal System of communication through words added extra glamour and supremacy to the complexity of human brain.

Love-hate reactions of human brain gained greater operational skills with the advent of second signal system in addition to the first signal system. Love thus became tool of awe and wonder in addition to its primitive module. Hate followed suit to help love by the route of aggressiveness and violence, in almost all areas of innovations, inventions and also in social, cultural, religious and political spheres.

Love in accompaniment with hate, both driving on the physic, opened the way for the evolution: Love and hate will ever continue its worthy job for survival as also for destruction.