Heaven and Hell

Heaven and Hell, – very familiar concepts, they are. While both are familiar, the former is the aim of every believer all across the world while the latter is dreaded by everyone nay, every believer, around the world.

Both Heaven and Hell are words which belong to extreme religious centric beliefs. According to the belief heaven is the dwelling place of God and is shared by Angels and the Spirits of the righteous people. However, outside belief, the word heaven is used to refer the sky or the firmament. May be, drawing a parallel to the concept of heaven being the blissful abode of God, literary enthusiasts use these words to express feelings of extreme happiness and joy.

Hell, in every sense, is the opposite to heaven; hell is the place for the wicked to live after death. The place is the epicenter of all evils; it is pervaded by condemned spirits and is full of miseries. Just like the word heaven, hell too has slang referring it to someone who has been victimized for harsh reprimand and or punishment. In yet another context, making uproar and creating uneasy situations is hell for the nascent genre among the general public.

There is no proof of evidence to cite as to when and where the belief of heaven and hell started. It is said that the belief originated from Greek philosophy. Ancient Greek philosophy belong to the period around the 6th century BCE: Greek philosophers like Plato had talked elaborately about soul and spirit: Soul-spirit conglomerate plays pivotal role in the matter of entitlement for entry either into heaven or to hell. Greek philosopher Plato’s firm stand was that salvation takes place when the soul is set free from the body at the time of death. Even then, attributing the origin of heaven and hell to Greek philosophy does not seem to be correct.

Even before the birth of Greek philosophy there were ancient belief systems which flourished in the East. Those belief systems had many explanations on the subject relating to soul and spirit and after-death habitats. Taoism of China and Hinduism of ancient Bharat were the prominent belief systems of the yore. Hinduism was epicentre of all subjective imaginations including the dwellings of heaven and hell.

Complexity of human brain has no limit: It enabled prehistoric nomads to believe in supernatural powers and their thought process concerning belief grew with innumerable imaginations. That enabled them to build residence in the Skies for the super natural powers, much above their own habitats on the surface of the earth. In those habitats there were no miseries and calamities. Those were, no doubt, imaginations which underwent further refinements: The improved version concluded that when one dies, the life-force of the individual escapes from the body of the person and it moves towards the dwelling of the supernatural powers to be accommodated there.

As years passed by, all these pagan thoughts got modified in the form of organized system of beliefs as Religions, the supernatural powers as Gods, the dwelling of the God as Heaven, the life-sustaining force of the living as Soul or Spirit which leaves the body of the persons at the time of death. Formation of Hell was in the same trajectory but in the opposite direction: At the time of death the soul of all who do good things be accommodated by God along with him in heaven while the spirit of those who do bad things be accommodated by God in Hell which is full of miseries.

The concept of Heaven and Hell is part and parcel of every religion: Even the so-called non-religious philosophies of Buddhism and Jainism are no exception.

According to Hindu system of faith, entitlement to Heaven or Hell depends on Karma: Doors of heaven will be opened to the spirits of the ones who did Good Karma while alive. On the other hand, the ones who did bad karma will be dumped into the ditches of hell; their spirits will become prey to rebirth in continuum. In Buddhism, heaven is temporary habitat for the soul; the soul is entitled to incarnation. Not only that, as part of Samsara which is an illusory reality, there are many heavens for soul to habitat depending upon Karma. Jainism also holds the same concept about heaven: As per the concept there are several layers of heavenly abode for the souls to enter but the entitlement depends upon Karma.

Ancient Chinese mythology philosophizes that heaven observes, sees, hears and keeps close watch over all humans. The great philosopher Confucius asserted that belief in the quote: “He who offends against Heaven has none to whom he can pray.”

All organized religions of modern era have specific concepts about heaven and hell. All their preachings are aimed at achieving heavenly habitat of bliss; all the places of worship, all the religious heads, all the preachers devote time for prayers for the followers to help their souls attain heaven and to save the souls from going to hell. All followers of the religions attend prayers regularly on weekly congregations on time for the aim to be fulfilled.

Outside religion, there are some think-masters of materialism who are still unable to keep out of the belief in heaven and hell: They argue that belief in heaven keep people away from committing crimes for fear of hell; they do good things with love and compassion for their soul to get a place in heaven. These arguments of the stake holders are absurd if not nonsense. Criminals never stop their illicit activities for the sake of heaven and for fear of hell. Because, even the believer-criminals have all means at their disposal to use the path of confessions before priests, prayers before the Almighty god to save their soul from going to hell but to allow their soul easy entry to heaven.   Amen! Let the Soul of all rest in peace.

Spiritualism – It’s Null, No Good

Meaning of spiritualism is simple and straightforward: Dictionary says that, Spiritualism is a belief: According to the particular belief, spirits of the dead persons communicate with persons who are alive, either directly or through mediums.

A close look at the meaning reveals that spiritualism might have emerged out of a metaphysical belief that the world is made up of two substances called matter and spirit: Humans belong to matter which is essential for spirit to inhabit as soul and then to escape into spirit world. Spiritualism is based on the concept of the Spirit World.

Over the years spiritualism became a creed which believes that there are human beings who are capable of communicating with spirits: Spirit is soul of dead persons which after escaping from the living body, wanders in the spirit world. It is believed that some living persons can communicate with the spirit world. That ability to communicate with the spirit is said to be paranormal skill of the living humans. The paranormal ability helps humans to create occult powers, to make magic potions, to perform sorcery, to practice witchcraft, to believe in supernatural powers, to create ideas about god, to worship and to work as priests, godmen, godwomen, sanyasis, sadhus and innumerable other divine entrepreneurs.

Spiritualism comprises many things for many people. Since spiritualism has evil designs as well as divine benefits some people use spiritualism for harming other people and some people follow spiritualism for infusing divinity for self and others. Sorcery, kill-mantra; – the most followed ritual in the Indian subcontinent relating to sacrifices of animals and occult practices, are examples for harming others. Here the spirit of dead persons which do not get entry into heaven but wander in the spirit world as ghosts, go on haunting the living humans and animals: That helps the ghost-hunting spiritualists to employ their hidden tantrums to tie down the ghosts.

On the other side of the spectrum lie religious propagandists like priests, evangelists, sanyasis, godmen and godwomen who use the omniscient power of the spirit world to inculcate divinity, love and compassion and also hatred among their followers. Since religion is involved in the practices, the path of love and compassion for others become route for destruction of one system of belief by another system of belief. That apart, acute dedication to spiritual pursuits make the followers of spiritualism idle and unproductive as a result of which the spiritualists have to depend on materialist pursuers for their sustenance in the physical world.

The concepts attributed to spirit world that embrace the empire of spiritualism have no limits in so far as the subjective thoughts and imaginations of human mind are concerned.

There are convincing evidences to prove that spiritualism originated in Ancient Indian subcontinent known as Bharat. It all started with the Aryan invasion which took place around 1000BC. There was a flourishing civilization existing in Bharat before the arrival of Aryans from the Persian subcontinent. That was cantered around the Sindhu river belt in the northern part of the subcontinent. That civil society was of atheists who were called Charvakas. The Aryans brought their culture based on obscurantism of spiritualism and occupied the land of atheism after driving away the Charvakas to the South. Practice of Chatur Varna Vyavastha headed by Brahmins was the major part of spiritualism of the Aryans. Brahmins ruled the whole social set up and cultivated spiritualism in every area of existence of the people under the Chatur Varna Vyavastha which categorized the people into Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras  at the helm of the system. Slowly and steadily the Varna Vyavastha and spiritualism associated with it spread across the entire subcontinent. Spiritualism continues its pervasive stranglehold in India and today, with added vigour and might spiritualism controls the whole of social, cultural and political scenario of the country.

Apart from Bharat, spiritualism was wide spread in China, Japan, Pacific Islands and other parts of the world as part of ancient beliefs and related cultural pursuits of the inhabitants of those places.

The most popular western version of spiritualism is said to be devoid of belief in rebirth and past life concepts and is different from its original postulations as reflected in the practice of spiritualism in India. It is said that the practice began its spread in the West sometime in early eighteen forties of Christian era with the magic of an illicit female who created stories about knocking at doors and windows and flying of furniture across rooms and roofs by the spirit of a certain dead person. Today across the western countries several Christian churches and Groups of believers have thousands of Spiritualists practicing spiritualism in United Kingdom alone.

Practice of spiritualism in the west is centred mainly on mediums which with the help of spirits carry out unnatural events and occurrences like occult practices of Ouija. Spiritualism followed in the West is different from divine postulations of Christianity or Islam which stand for love, compassion and formed centres of spiritualism. It is said that in late 1920s and early 1930s there were other religiously occupied precepts of the spirit world.

Spiritualism is a mirage: Spiritualism cannot feed the empty stomachs of people including the spiritualists. Had there been no materialism and materialistic pursuits there would not have been any production to sustain the life of humans. Such a situation would have made the Earth-World a lonely Spirit World devoid of Humans to imagine anything including the idea of spirits and spirit-world.