Spiritualism – It’s Null, No Good

Meaning of spiritualism is simple and straightforward: Dictionary says that, Spiritualism is a belief: According to the particular belief, spirits of the dead persons communicate with persons who are alive, either directly or through mediums.

A close look at the meaning reveals that spiritualism might have emerged out of a metaphysical belief that the world is made up of two substances called matter and spirit: Humans belong to matter which is essential for spirit to inhabit as soul and then to escape into spirit world. Spiritualism is based on the concept of the Spirit World.

Over the years spiritualism became a creed which believes that there are human beings who are capable of communicating with spirits: Spirit is soul of dead persons which after escaping from the living body, wanders in the spirit world. It is believed that some living persons can communicate with the spirit world. That ability to communicate with the spirit is said to be paranormal skill of the living humans. The paranormal ability helps humans to create occult powers, to make magic potions, to perform sorcery, to practice witchcraft, to believe in supernatural powers, to create ideas about god, to worship and to work as priests, godmen, godwomen, sanyasis, sadhus and innumerable other divine entrepreneurs.

Spiritualism comprises many things for many people. Since spiritualism has evil designs as well as divine benefits some people use spiritualism for harming other people and some people follow spiritualism for infusing divinity for self and others. Sorcery, kill-mantra; – the most followed ritual in the Indian subcontinent relating to sacrifices of animals and occult practices, are examples for harming others. Here the spirit of dead persons which do not get entry into heaven but wander in the spirit world as ghosts, go on haunting the living humans and animals: That helps the ghost-hunting spiritualists to employ their hidden tantrums to tie down the ghosts.

On the other side of the spectrum lie religious propagandists like priests, evangelists, sanyasis, godmen and godwomen who use the omniscient power of the spirit world to inculcate divinity, love and compassion and also hatred among their followers. Since religion is involved in the practices, the path of love and compassion for others become route for destruction of one system of belief by another system of belief. That apart, acute dedication to spiritual pursuits make the followers of spiritualism idle and unproductive as a result of which the spiritualists have to depend on materialist pursuers for their sustenance in the physical world.

The concepts attributed to spirit world that embrace the empire of spiritualism have no limits in so far as the subjective thoughts and imaginations of human mind are concerned.

There are convincing evidences to prove that spiritualism originated in Ancient Indian subcontinent known as Bharat. It all started with the Aryan invasion which took place around 1000BC. There was a flourishing civilization existing in Bharat before the arrival of Aryans from the Persian subcontinent. That was cantered around the Sindhu river belt in the northern part of the subcontinent. That civil society was of atheists who were called Charvakas. The Aryans brought their culture based on obscurantism of spiritualism and occupied the land of atheism after driving away the Charvakas to the South. Practice of Chatur Varna Vyavastha headed by Brahmins was the major part of spiritualism of the Aryans. Brahmins ruled the whole social set up and cultivated spiritualism in every area of existence of the people under the Chatur Varna Vyavastha which categorized the people into Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras  at the helm of the system. Slowly and steadily the Varna Vyavastha and spiritualism associated with it spread across the entire subcontinent. Spiritualism continues its pervasive stranglehold in India and today, with added vigour and might spiritualism controls the whole of social, cultural and political scenario of the country.

Apart from Bharat, spiritualism was wide spread in China, Japan, Pacific Islands and other parts of the world as part of ancient beliefs and related cultural pursuits of the inhabitants of those places.

The most popular western version of spiritualism is said to be devoid of belief in rebirth and past life concepts and is different from its original postulations as reflected in the practice of spiritualism in India. It is said that the practice began its spread in the West sometime in early eighteen forties of Christian era with the magic of an illicit female who created stories about knocking at doors and windows and flying of furniture across rooms and roofs by the spirit of a certain dead person. Today across the western countries several Christian churches and Groups of believers have thousands of Spiritualists practicing spiritualism in United Kingdom alone.

Practice of spiritualism in the west is centred mainly on mediums which with the help of spirits carry out unnatural events and occurrences like occult practices of Ouija. Spiritualism followed in the West is different from divine postulations of Christianity or Islam which stand for love, compassion and formed centres of spiritualism. It is said that in late 1920s and early 1930s there were other religiously occupied precepts of the spirit world.

Spiritualism is a mirage: Spiritualism cannot feed the empty stomachs of people including the spiritualists. Had there been no materialism and materialistic pursuits there would not have been any production to sustain the life of humans. Such a situation would have made the Earth-World a lonely Spirit World devoid of Humans to imagine anything including the idea of spirits and spirit-world.


Humanism – A Magic Wand

Humanism is defined as a system of thoughts in which human interests and human values are taken to be of primary importance: The definition reveals that humanism is not an individual human posture because humanism ought to have to be a system. System stands for a group or combination of people forming a unified whole. In that context a person who nurtures human interests and human values and who being a part of the group is bound to be a humanist but the individual cannot itself constitute humanism.

Ancient and modern thinkers had expounded so many explanations for humanism. One of the explanations is that humanism is a branch of philosophical thought. The philosophical thought is based on the concept that humanism is a world view covering a system of beliefs. The main concerns of the beliefs are centered on values, needs, nature and abilities of human beings. Another view which is the latest in the row and which has no takers, is that humanism pertains to a particular branch of psychology directed at the study of human nature and human values. However, many a think tank of the present, takes it for granted that humanism has only two branches, one based on beliefs and the other which belongs to secularism. The theory of psychology lacks credence and it tarnishes the image of humanism.

According to the proponents of the psychological theory, human behaviour is linked to the inner feelings of the mankind. On the basis of that concept, during the latter part of the last century (1970s and 1980s), a set of psychologists came forward with procedures for psycho-analytical studies of humanism. Psychologists of humanism, rather humanistic psychologists, are of firm opinion that in psycho analysis, objective reality is less important than subjective perceptions. They therefore reject scientific methods bracing experiments and researches where their psycho-therapy is concerned.

Humanism based on beliefs aims at understanding human nature, human values and perspectives through supernatural and transcendental domains.  These domains are more important for believers even if they amount to denial of human needs and values here and now for the sake of life after death.

Secular humanism is the most sought after philosophy especially by the self acclaimed intellectuals of the modern age. The track of secular humanism is manifold:  For the intellectuals, secular humanism is the only viable solution to develop knowledge of the living world as opposed to dehumanization tendencies of the belief system; human values, human nature and human experiences can be studied and understood through rationality of materialism and therefore humanism necessarily is atheistic; in fact humanism is the most important principle of Rationalism and Atheism; – thus goes their interpretations.

Humanism means many things according to the fancies of the beholders. The first and foremost among the fancies is that god created the humans in his own image and that therefore humanism embraces the system of beliefs in the supernatural. According to rational beholders, humanism is a system which does not believe in gods and deities or the system does not care for gods and deities. For them, excellent human behaviour is possible by following the path of reason. They propose that humans created thousands of gods, goddesses in their own shapes where the question of supernatural do not arise at all. The pursuers of the latter system confide that they are concerned about human rights and equal opportunities for all; that they are liberal in matters of abortion, gay rights, lesbianism, transgender, same sex marriage, assisted suicides and separation of church from state matters.

On generalization of all what are attributed to humanism, it is possible to conclude that humanism belongs to three major groups. The first one is Philosophical Humanism which came into existence by the end of the middle ages. The second group is Religious Humanism which is based on religions and religious beliefs.  The third and the most popular humanism is the non-religious philosophy which promotes humanity through secular practices.

The explanations about humanism as briefed herein above give credence to the conclusion that humanism has no specific ideology, no specific line of thoughts and no line of action. Even on taking it as a branch of philosophy, humanism lacks specific system of beliefs embracing any set of doctrines.  The term ‘humanism’ therefore remains as a magic wand in the hands of fence-sitters of the intellectual cauldron to induce illusions and to get applause of the innocent human beings, the world over.