‘Temper’ and ‘Temperature’ have nothing in common. Still, they look like friends: Temperature represents heat. Temper represents heat of mind. It sounds well for the premise that the word ‘temper’ has originated in line with the meaning of the word temperature.
A calm mood or a cool state of mind is what is generally meant by the word ‘temper’.
When a person suddenly becomes angry and outrageous, it shows that the person has lost temper. Temper here indicates a peculiar mental attitude displayed by an individual. The mental attitude of temper reflects emotional behaviour of the individual. Emotional behaviour is a stirred up reaction of an individual to a certain stimulus. The stimulus arrives out of situations like social, cultural, religious, ethical, biogenic and health problems relating to the individual. Since emotion is a sudden stirred up mental reaction, normal intelligence of a person gets overturned. That is the reason why a person becomes uncontrollably outrageous when he loses temper.
In order to deal with temper problems one has to keep balance, moderation and control on the reach of stimuli from the environal situations. But it would not be an easy task for an individual to keep moderation and control over the surrounding environs and the influence they exert.
Body, mind and the outside world are the surrounding environs as far as an individual is concerned. If the body is unhealthy, the affected person usually gets emotive. The person displays irritability at anything or anybody around. If someone interferes in matters of religion, belief and ethics of an individual, the person concerned may lose temper: The person becomes emotive. Similar is the case where a person is afflicted with mental problems like depression, stress and worries.
The outside world is equally crucial for temper problems. Relatives, friends, co-workers, neighbors and other social elements may make a worried and depressed person who is at the brim of break, as victim of anger and outrage.
In the light of neuroscience, it can be asserted that loosing temper is the effect of reflex action. The reflex is formed through the interaction of nervous system with the stimuli from the surroundings including the internal environs of the individual.
Both the animals and the humans are prone to losing temper. Temper within the bounds of reason is part of the survival trait. In humans, temper involves physiological arousal and expressive mental attitudes.
An individual loses temper when the influence of stimuli overtakes the established nerve connections called reflexes in the brain. In such situations, the established nerve connections which keep normal mental attitudes instantly become dysfunctional due to the interference of an internal unconditioned inhibition. Inhibition is a process of reverse nerve action taking place in the central nervous system which stops excitation of the nerve cells caused by the influence of stimuli from the environs.
Temper problems have their origin in the early days of growth. Where parents and family members repeatedly refuse the needs of a growing child, temper problems start building up. The child becomes irritable when the parents and family members interfere with its actions. As the child grows up, it starts interacting with friends and neighbors: They find the youngster a little indifferent. They may control or deny him opportunities in interactions, sports and games. The same thing may continue in schools and academies.
These negative environmental influences result in the formation of conditioned reflexes in the brain centres of the individual. The ultimate result thus turns the person involved into a victim of temper problems. The person becomes irritable without reason and loses temper while interacting with others.
Loosing temper need not always be that bad for the individual. Determination to achieve and strong will to succeed make the person a hard worker. Most people who are termed by public as “temper-losers” are achievers in the domain they engage.
The deflection of intellect and sudden arousal of anger and outrage without provocation is a matter of concern. But one who loses temper is a victim of circumstances. The people around should have to be sensible while dealing with the victim with love and compassion.