Sleep is an essential nervous activity that keeps the body and mind healthy, energetic and active. Lack of sleep or disturbance of sleep damages the organism in every sense of the term.
The living organism may or may not be engaged in some activity or the other, throughout the course of its existence. That requires the sensory centres in the brain to constantly work for the organism to have sensory experiences, motor activities, ingestion and bronchi-cardiac functions.
During the time when a person is awake, the nerve cells and body cells slowly and steadily lose energy and nourishment due to the brain activity. There is a certain limit beyond which the cells cannot continue their functions without spoil, disruption and destruction. When the limit approaches, the nerve cells gradually embrace a state of inactivity and rest. The restful state of inactivity then starts spreading to the other parts of the body. That state of restfulness is what is called natural sleep: Sleep sets in to enable the nerve cells and the body cells to restore the lost life energy. Sleep is unavoidable for living organism to keep the body and mind (nervous system) healthy, energetic and active in every aspect of life. Lack of sleep or disturbance of sleep is damaging to the body as a whole in every sense of the term.
Serious diseases disrupt sleep, but that is altogether different from sleep disorders taking place in normal healthy persons: What are these disorders? How best such sleep disorders can be set right without the aid of medication?
There are many types of observable sleep disorders: Drowsiness is one among them. There are people who experience increased drowsiness even after waking up from sleep: Normally, such drowsiness is not a morbid condition. The reason for such type of drowsiness may be overwork and irregular sleep habits. Sleeping in unfavorable conditions may also contribute to drowsiness after waking up. Whatever be the reasons, drowsiness is a matter of concern for the sufferers.
Drowsiness is a normal reaction of a healthy body which strives to satisfy its vital needs. Just as there are no other means of overcoming hunger and thirst than satisfying it with food and water, so is the case of increased drowsiness. By taking a good long sleep as much as the body needs, the drowsiness and connected discomforts can, to a great extent, be overcome.
In some cases, even if a person sleeps adequately well, such person may still be feeling drowsy. As a consequence, the working capacity of the individual becomes low and dim. Students who get sleepish during the morning lecture classes can be cited as example for such type of drowsiness. Transition from sleep to wakefulness in certain types of people takes place slowly. This is the reason why the drowsiness hangs on. These disorders must have to be overcome with disciplined will followed by regular physical exercises.
Yet in some other cases, continuous drowsiness is observed as a result of exhaustion. This is a protective reflex action. A better regimen of work coupled with temporary rests in between, are recommended remedial measures to tackle persisting drowsiness.
Insomnia is another sleep disorder: It is a sort of sleeplessness, but not complete loss of sleep. Even then, insomnia remains as a serious sleep disorder. It may appear in different forms. Difficulty to fall asleep, light sleep, restless sleep, broken sleep and early waking up are the general symptoms of insomnia.
Most often, persons fall prey to insomnia because of their serious concerns and worries about sleep. They are over conscious about the importance of sleep. They know the consequences that lack of sleep can inflict on the body and the mind. Their persistent worry about the grave after-effects of sleeplessness makes them the victims. Though insomnia is an unpleasant disorder, still such misgivings are unfounded. When the mind is focused on thoughts about the need for quickly falling asleep, such thoughts create conditioned nerve paths in their brain. These nerve connections work as conditioned reflexes to obstruct normal sleep. The excessive worries about sleep thus, invite insomnia.
The best remedy for all types of insomnia is a proper understanding of sleep, its needs and nature. Sleep is a natural requirement of the physic: No one needs to interfere with sleep. No one needs to hunt for sleep. No normal, healthy person needs to chase sleep. When the body and nerve cells need sleep, sleep will come automatically of its own. This approach, assimilation of this fact, is the most effective treatment for insomnia, at all times.
Somnoloquism is another sleep disorder: Involuntary habit of talking while being asleep is Somnoloquism. Sleep-talking is quite common among many people. It is not as worrisome as insomnia is. Muttering a few mumbled words while asleep is the consequence of incomplete inhibition of the speech centre in the brain. Better treatment for Somnoloquism is to ignore it: In fact, Somnoloquism relieves suppressed emotions and therefore the persons reported to have this habit have to wholeheartedly welcome it.
Somnambulism, another sleep disorder, is a rare happening: While asleep, without being aware, an individual automatically does something, gets out of bed, moves slowly and cautiously, climbs up the roof or the window ledge of the house or climbs up a tree. Then the person gets back into the bed as if nothing had happened. This is the nature of somnambulism. It is also called as sleep-walking.
Sleep walking may cover a period of time ranging from several minutes to half an hour. The sleep walker, while awake in the morning, will not normally remember any of the things which had happened at night. The reason for sleepwalking is that, except for the area that controls motor activity, the rest of the cerebral cortex of the individual would be remaining inhibited. Somnambulism needs to be treated for cure neurologically by expert therapists.
How to manage sleep disorders?
Before going to sleep, keep away all thoughts, worries and distresses from mind. As far as possible consciously divert attention to other subjects, to scenes of pleasant situations, to any of the fair occurrences and good experiences of the past.
Never go to bed with hatred of anything or about anybody. These can be replaced by thoughts of love, affection and humility.
Understand the scientific truth that it is not necessary at all for any one to fall asleep the moment one gets into bed. Lying on the bed, totally relaxed, is as good as a sound sleep: Remember this truth always.
Avoid taking sleeping pills. If at all needed, use it cautiously in consultation with a good physician.
Never ever hunt for sleep; forget about sleep while on bed.
Prepare the place of sleep in good and healthy surroundings, free from excess light, sound, heat, insects and other disturbing agents and factors.
Never bother about dreams. Understand that dreams are essential ingredients involved in sleep. Dreams help the sleeper to avoid sudden waking up. Realize that dreams, whether good or bad, never do any harm to body and mind.
Try these simple techniques by change; be free from Sleep Disorders, without trouble and trembles.