Athirathram: – The Vedic Ritual of Hinduism.

Western Analysts had glorified Hinduism as a Culture, a Way of life, embodied with a set of rituals purportedly to protect Nature. Every ritual is believed to be Sacred. The ritual is a customary way of celebrating religion and its culture. Different religions have chosen different systemic ritual practices like meditation in Buddhism and Baptism in Christianity.     

Homams are part and parcel of every ritual belonging to the Vedic Culture of Hinduism. Athirathram is one among the Holy rituals. Athirathram is performed by Hindu priests who belong to the Upper-caste strata of the Chaturvarna system of Hinduism. The Priests invoke Agni, the God of fire and start performing the Homam eliciting  Blessing of Fire-God. It is believed that Yagna, the Homam of Athirathram accelerates seed germination and also enhances microbial presence in air, water and soil in and around the altar of the fire ritual.

 Athirathram is a twelve-day ritual. On the ground where the ritual is to be performed, a bird-shaped altar is built using 10800 bricks.  According to the ancient Vedic belief system, figure ten thousand eight hundred is derived from figure 108 which has special significance in terms of Vedic numerology!

The mystic ritual and its purported benevolences directed at protection of Nature were totally unknown to the outside world.   It was during the year 1975 that Athirathram drew attention of the people outside the confines of locals in India. It was due to the efforts of a European origin Philosopher Frits Staal who created global awareness through films and a book on Athirathram authored by him. 

 In April 2011, the 12-day ritual which began on April 4 and ended on April 15 was organized by a section of so-called Nature protectionists. It was held in a village called Panjal in Trissur District of North Kerala. The village is a sleepy hamlet where large number of Namboothiri Brahman families is settled. The program came to a grand, majestic finale followed by large-scale publicity in both the visual and print media

 For over many years Athirathram was almost discontinued in India mainly due to the rise of Jainism and Buddhism in the Country. Nevertheless, a few Namboothiri Brahman families in Kerala wanted to keep up the unbroken 5,000-year old tradition of the ritual. To keep the culture alive and to save the face of Athirathram, in the year 2011, they formed a Trust comprising of some traditionalistic, belief-centric scholars along with sake-savers of Hindu Culture. They included personals from Cusat, Cochi, M G College, Thiruvanathapuram, Government College, Pattambi, Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore and from Andhra University.

The investigating team headed by the Trust, planted three types of seeds namely cow-pea, green gram and Bengal gram on the sides of the ritual venue at varying distances. On the completion of the ritual they informed the public that germination of the seed was quicker and growth of the germinated plants was better in the areas closer to the fire-altar compared to the seeds which were placed in the soil away from the altar. They went on to add further that the Bengal gram grew 2000 times faster than the other seeds.

According to the Namboothiri and the team of scholars, the vibration produced in the air surrounding the Yagnashala, that is the spot where the Homam was performed along with the chanting of scriptures, accelerated the process of germination of the seeds. They asserted that the findings would certainly help dispel wrong notions associated with Vedic rituals. They further explained that it is the need of the time that Athirathram be introduced in every part of the Country for protection of nature, environment and also for increasing farm products. 

The ‘Scholars’ also reported that they focused on counting bacterial colonies at three locations namely, within the yagnashala, 500 meters and 1.5 kilometers away from the yagnasala. The report added that microbial analysis made before, during and four days after the yagna had revealed that the air in the vicinity of the yagnashala was pure and had very low count of microbe colonies and that microbial activities in the soil and water around the yagnashala were remarkably less compared to the areas outside the perimeters of the yagnashala.

In order to find the truth about the reported benevolent impacts of Athirathram that was held at Panjal, Kerala Yukthivadi Sangham (Rationalist Association of Kerala) decided to conduct a detailed spot-study involving the whole episode of the ritual. The study-team included Dr. Shankaranarayanan, retired Scientist and Research Scholar of Bhaba Atomic Research Centre, Bombay, K P Sabari Girish, ex-Statistician from Department of Economics & Statistics, Dr. P K Narayanan, Science Litterateur and Analyst, U Kalanathan, Social Activist and a group of Rationalists. They visited the place just one week after the climax of the Athirathram Ritual.    

The team first visited two of the Namboothiri families and met elders and also youngsters who were studying in schools and colleges. Next they went around the Yagnashala and examined the plants and its present condition of growth which was followed by a close verification of the growth of the seeds planted near the yagnashala and also outside the perimeters of the Yagnashala.  The team then went to the nearby pond and also the paddy fields in the vicinity of the yagnashala and closely examined the condition of the water in the pond and the growth condition of the paddy. The finding of the spot-study revealed, –

  1. One of the elderly women living in the Namboothiri family was suffering from cold and breathing problems. During the ritual period her breathing problem increased beyond control and her cold turned into severe fever which forced the family to lift her to the nearby hospital for treatment. The doctor attending the patient opined that the smoke and the smell emitted out of the yagnashala might be the reason for her sudden sickness.    
  2. The youngsters whom the team questioned revealed that they were disturbed because of the day and night-long sound and fury, smoke and the crowd around the yagnashala and they lost sleep for more than a week and also could not concentrate on studies.
  3. As for the seeds planted inside yagnashala ground and the ones planted outside the periphery of the ritual-ground, there was no noticeable difference in its sprouting and growth even though the soil inside the yagnashala was wet and the soil outside the periphery was dry.
  4. The pond near the yagnashala was as dirty and mud-stridden as it was earlier. About a dozen ladies and men who were taking bath in the pond responded to the query of Study-team that the claim of the organizers of the Athirathram was absolutely false and that the water in the pond had no change in its condition before and after the completion of the ritual. Similarly the paddy fields stood dry and the paddy-plants had no impact of growth due to the ritual as claimed by the ‘Scholars’.
  5. Another visible impact of the ritual was that the leaves of the small plants in the vicinity of the yagnashala had started drying and falling down. It might be reasonable to conclude that the reason for drying the leaves was the heat waves emanated from the Homam that is the Fire.           

The above findings proved undoubtedly that the wide publicity and  announcements made by the so-called researchers and the investigators were false and cruel to the nascence of the people. Both the media and the researchers belonged to a clan that still wants to high-light the Hindu belief system and religious practices as omnacious and that these practices shall have to be made as global-glory of ancient Vedic culture of Hinduism. What else could it be!

Reflexology, – Nay, Massageology

Many among the world population take Reflexology as an alternative system of medicine. Reflexology is one of the most used alternative therapies in Denmark, Great Briton and Canada. Despite its being practiced in several Countries, modern medicine take reflexology as quackery. They equate Reflexology with the disproved curative impact of Acupuncture, European Faith healing, Japanese Shamanism, Indian Siddha, Chinese-Korean-Mongolian-Tibetan Unani, Naturopathy and Homeopathy, – supposed curative effect of which are considered as of placebo effect.

The method of treatment in reflexology is gentle touching and pressing certain points on different parts of the patient’s foot to produce a purported effect elsewhere in the body. For this, reflexologist examines the emotional and physical conditions of the patient and if it affects the health and wellness of the person concerned, then certain areas in the foot will be pressed using the thumb of the therapist supposedly to “stimulate energy”.

Threads of historical evidence indicate that massaging the surface of foot and hand as a form of treatment was prevalent in China about 4,000 B.C., so also was it practiced in Egypt during that period. However modern    reflexology based on the perceived theory that body of a person is reflected on the feet of the person, was introduced in 1920s by American physicians, Dr. William FitzGerald and Dr. Joe Shelby Riley.

Researchers have scientifically proved that reflexology is not at all effective for any type of medical condition. A systematic review conducted in 2009, through a number of randomized controlled trials made the following conclusion:

“The best evidence available till date does not convincingly demonstrate that reflexology is an effective treatment for any medical condition.”

There is no consensus among the practitioners of reflexology as to the method of treatment meted out and also as to how it works. Similarly there is no specific or unifying idea about the particular points on the foot which correspond to the specific area in the body and also how manipulating the points on the foot can relieve the patient of the illness and thereby improve the health by foot-pressing methodology.

According to the acclaimed practical theory of Reflexology, human body is divided into ten similar zones out of which five are on the right side of the body and the remaining five on the left side. The theory postulates that the zones which are weak causing the malady get stimulated and thereby the patient gets solace. Reflexology is therefore nick-named as Zone therapy because the pressure imposed on the foot is believed to produce effects on perceived zones in the body via the flow of the so-called “stimulant energy”. Whatever it is, In that context, the therapists and the patients including their dear and near ones shall have to remember that treating potentially ill people through reflexology would delay proper medical treatment leading to irrecoverable loss.

Despite the truth as it is, people approach reflexologist to resolve problems relating to relaxation, stress, tired feet, pain, blood circulation, overall well-being and mindbody conflicts. Because of the so-called placebo effect perhaps patients may randomly get some relief or so for these traumas through reflexology.

Modern life is increasingly demanding and stressful. Reflexology followed by appropriate counseling, may be effective in helping patients to relieve daily stresses and maintain good health and well-being. However, it should have to be used in tandem with medical care.

It has been explained that the so-called curative effect of reflexology is of placebo effect. As for patients who undergo the therapy, if ever and wherever they experience curative impact, so far so good.   But use of the word ‘Reflexology’ for the treatment is unethical as well as unscientific.

What is done by Reflexologist is simple massage of certain parts of the foot or any specific area in the body. ‘Reflexology’ has nothing to do with “Reflex” action.  Scientifically put, according to neuroscience, Reflex is an action that takes place automatically in response to the stimulation of a nerve. The action is without conscious effort. This explanation conveys the essence of a reflex action. In reflexology, pressing the part of foot is not automatically taking place. The pressure is thrust upon the foot by the therapist. How then can the process of the treatment are linked to or linked with reflex action! At best, “Reflexology” can be called as “Massageology”. Yes, it is Massageology, and the therapist is “Massageologist”.

It is therefore logically and ethically prudent for Reflexologist to rename himself/herself as ‘Massageologist’ and what they perform in the name of the therapy as ‘Massageology’.

 

 

Aliens,- They Are There, Everywhere.

Aliens are defined as ‘extraterrestrial life, life which does not originate on or from Earth’. The word also has another contextual meaning: ‘A person living or moving around in a country who is not a national of that particular country’ is also an Alien.

The second meaning confirms that an Alien need not necessarily be an extraterrestrial individual. Take for example the case of Indian citizens who live or move around in Countries like America, Great Briton, Canada and other Nations with or without valid visas, seeking pastures in the field of employment and jobs. They are certainly Aliens in those Countries. But, as far as India is concerned, it is not only the foreign nationals who stay in India who could be Aliens for India but there are millions of Indians who are Aliens in their own beloved Nation.

In India which is the citadel of Casteism under the banner of Chatur Varna Vyavastha, except for the upper-caste conglomerate, all the others are Aliens and therefore untouchables for the toppers in the ladder of Chatur Varna Vyavastha.  Similarly, for the so-called North Indian Aryans, black-colored South Indians are Aliens, too.     

As per general concept, Aliens are “residents” of Planets other than the Earth; it means that aliens are inhabitants of planets which are outside Earth. Not only that: For some evaluator-clans, Aliens are equal or more intelligent than the earthlings called humans.

A few years back, a section of Western News-media had reported that some people had seen Aliens landing on Earth, moving around for some time and then quickly disappearing from the visibility-circuit of the earthlings. If that report is to be taken as true, then, may be, those Aliens which had landed on Earth, might have fled away quickly from the perimeter of Earth in order to reach their own Planet without giving any clue to the Earthling-spectators about their shape, structure, style of movements and looks.

In the context of the above featured story of alien-landings, one thing apparently remains relevant:  That is about the reporting style of modern news-media: Whatever that gets reported in the media need not necessarily be true, factual or reliable. That is the modern way of media reporting on one side and the stand of the readers and the viewers on the other side of the spectrum. Sensationalism is the strongly held motto of modern reporting style of the media. The most important principle of inquiry and confirmation before reporting has been left behind by reporters for the purpose of enhancing readership, circulation and viewership. In the said background, the stories about the appearance of Aliens from other planets on earth and selected people having seen them cannot naturally be given any credence.

Any living organism with mass cannot disappear from the surface of Earth bypassing the gravitational pull. So far there has been no authentic proof of evidence to establish the truth of Aliens landing on Earth and disappearing in no time. Therefore whatever has been reported about the Aliens visiting Earth frequently cannot be taken into account as true. Whether true or not true, it does not matter because the extraterrestrial siblings are bound to leave the Earth immediately without creating any hiccups for the earthling-human species. However, the Aliens who are of the Earth, who wander around on the same Earth seeking employment or playing mischief in other Countries are real problems for the nations concerned.

Going back to the Indian context, though that Country wears the robe of secular-democratic-republic status, the alienated citizenry belonging to the lower-caste strata, painfully bear the burden of being treated as Aliens by the upper-caste communal forces. They are therefore real hiccup-problem for the Secular, Democratic Republic of India. The alienated lower-caste black-colored citizens of the Country are no extra terrestrials who landed on the soil of India. Neither are they migrants from other Countries. They cannot fly away from the surface of Earth like the Aliens which landed on Earth from other planets. Therefore they are real hiccup for the Holy Land of Bharat called India, the secular-democratic-republic as portrayed in Text Books of the Nation.            

Trauma: Drive it out, the Simplest Way

Human race has moved far, far, far away from Nature. As humans, we were evolved as a species to live according to the ways of Nature, among the nature, along the line of Nature, using resources available in Nature. However, as years went by, with its superior brain power, human race made rapid progress in almost every conceivable area of activity. The progress that the humans made in agriculture, industry, trade, science and technology resulted in, –

-> Polluting air and water-resources

-> Depleting forest areas by deforestation   

-> Increasing the value of time.

As a result, the individualistic, the social, the cultural and even the political environs had to undergo tremendous changes, changes that have slowly and steadily driven the human race far, far away from the path of Nature. The consequences of the Changes were so serious that the external environs thus created simply could not match with the internal environs of the Homo sapiens species of the modern times. Now the Individual human beings are at war with themselves to catch up with the changing social, cultural, economic and other existential situations all across.

The inevitable consequences of all these situational trends resulted in people becoming less and less composed; they lost self-control and faith in themselves. At the face of demands of modern life, people stood perplexed, confused, stressed and helpless. The uncontrollable strains and stresses people face and experience are attributable to the trauma let out by and through modern life-style mechanism of tuning orchestrated by the newly formed environal set up.

Escape-route for those maladies lies in making the internal environment of the individual mental mechanism equilibrated with the changing external environs of the modern set up. It sounds as if the process called in for the remedy is so tiresome and time-consuming: No, not at all! Through regular practice of very simple routine exercises, one can get adapted to the vagaries of modern living and free oneself from the scourge of stress and strains.

Let us look at what are those simple routines for regular practice aimed at freeing oneself from the ills of modern life-style system and thereby to embrace calm and composure.

-> Proper breathing

-> Relaxation

-> Balance and rhythmic rest

-> Auto-Suggestion

-> Imagination

-> Responsibility Sharing

-> Generating interests in more activities than one

-> Good, trust-worthy, limited friend-circle

-> Free surroundings from pollutants.

That’s all there is to it. Wear the suite.

Sentry Post in Human Brain

Word, ‘Sentry’ means a soldier stationed at a place to stand guard: The place where the Sentry stands guard is called Sentry Post. The Sentry Post takes care of the place within its jurisdiction to prevent unauthorised entries. The purpose of keeping a Sentry Post is to protect the premises and to save its inhabitants.

The engagement of Sentry Posts has become a life-style requirement of modern society. The practice ought to have become necessary as a sequence of job diversification and individual-cum-collective engagements of modern social order. In ancient times, parents and elders used to keep guard of their family and property. There used to be no Sentries and Sentry Posts in those days.

Guarding safety of the clan can be traced as a biological trait of living organism. May be, it was one of the components of evolution of species. Ants and insects keep twenty four hour vigil around the holes and the leaves where their female partners lay eggs. Birds keep constant watch over their nests where eggs and chicks are housed. The same is the case with animals and monkeys of all types. The insects, birds, animals and monkeys take over themselves the charge of Guards along with their routine work for food and means of survival.

The sentry posts which we find around the living organisms including humans are located in the premises where they live. But, then, what about the individual physique where the need of sentry posts is equally important? Apart from the body itself, there are innumerable invaders from outside the body to turtle the balance and equilibrium of the physic. No doubt, for that too there exists ‘Sentry Posts’ in the brain; the sentry posts which are more vigilant and responsive than the sentry posts that human community deploy for its safety. Sentry Posts in human brain not only sends out alerts but it also nurtures memory for the safety of the physic.

During the year 1927, the great Physiologist, Dr. Ivan Petrovich Pavlov reached an irrevocable conclusion: It was about the existence of a Rapport Zone and certain points on duty in the zone:

While awake, the cerebral hemispheres of human brain represent a ‘system’. That system coordinates all parts of the brain with each other. The Coordination enables the sensory centres in the cortex to produce collective response to stimuli from external environs. The response helps bodily activities and cognitive functions to take place. When the process continues, the nerve cells start losing energy. Consequently, the cerebral areas become inhibited and the inhibition spreads to the entire brain and the physique as a whole. There thus happens what is known as Natural Sleep.

In the said brain activity there is yet another sphere of inhibition which produces partial sleep called Hypnosis. During hypnosis, the coordination of the System becomes absent. As a result, each segment of the brain responds to external stimuli isolatedly. With reference to the partial, isolated inhibitory phase, I P Pavlov wrote:

“The following phenomenon is often observed: Inhibition spreads over the cerebral hemispheres and sleep sets in. Nevertheless, certain points which I call points on duty or on guard in the rapport zone may remain active without being faded by inhibition. This is observed, for example, in the sleep of a miller who wakes up when the noise of his mill ceases, or in the sleep of the mother who wakes up at the faintest sound coming from her child but who is not disturbed by much louder sounds.”

The sentry posts get rapport with any or all of which are of serious concerns of the physic as revealed in the Pavlovian experiment. As explained by the Scientist, the mother sleeping with her loved, newborn child by her side seldom responds to calls for waking up even if one tries hard by shouting. But the moment her child starts crying, though the sound of crying is feeble, the mother abruptly wakes up. As for the mother, the safety of her child is the utmost concern: Here the sentry posts alerts the sensory centres in the mother’s brain. The impact of the alert was her sudden waking up. Such is the sensibility of the sentry post.

The duty of the sentry post in human brain is to keep a watch over sensory reactions to stimuli emanating from internal or external environs. If the reaction affects the interests of the physic, sentry posts send signals of alert to the sensory centres which are in partial inhibition. The alert signals excite the nerve cells for immediate action.

Turning to hypnotism, the most serious concern of sentry post in the nervous system of the person under hypnosis is the subject himself or herself. Therefore the sentry posts in the subject’s brain automatically build rapport with the Hypnotizer or the Hypnotist through temporary nerve connections called conditioned reflex. These temporary nerve connections are formed by the repeat suggestions made by the Hypnotist. Thus Hypnotist gets rapport with the subject or the hypnotized, through the activation of sentry posts. This basic brain activity is used for treatment of deranged mental conditions of patients.

Sentry posts keep suggestions made during hypnotic sleep in memory to be remembered and acted upon in accordance with the suggestions imposed by the Hypnotist. What is suggested to the subject during hypnotic sleep would remain in the subject’s memory unless removed through reverse suggestions.

Mental imbalances may take place due to brain damages caused by injuries and serious diseases. In such cases hypnotherapy has only very limited role to play. Where the imbalances are created by the influence of stimuli emanating from various sources of environs, hypnotherapy can bring back normalcy to the patients. In such cases, the imbalance has been produced by conditioned reflexes.  It is such imbalances and aberrations laid by reflex action that are viable for hypnotherapy. Because of the rapport retained in between sentry posts in the patient’s brain and the Hypnotist, repeat word suggestions for cure generate internal conditioned inhibition to deflect or redraw the conditioned reflex already formed which caused the earlier malady. It is the sentry posts in nervous system that helps therapists to cure the mental disorders through hypnosuggestion.

In the above background, the hypnotherapist needs to be one who is clean in dealings with a personality of nascent behaviour apart from being appropriately trained. Besides, the Hypnotist shall have to ensure the presence of one or two close relatives of the patient inside the therapy centre as witnesses.

There are possibly no chances of causing injury to the patients by the Hypnotist through ill-intent suggestions because the sentry posts may force sudden waking up of the subject to react strongly against any misbehavior on the part of the hypnotist. However, the Hypnotherapist, the Patients and their near and dear Ones have to be cautious as cautious and vigilant as the Honorable Sentry Posts are.

Beyond the Reach of Science

If something is projected as out of science or beyond the reach of science, including those which are within the human thoughts, then that something ought to have to be non-existent anywhere. It is because reach of science has no limits.

There is, however, a section of thinkers and pseudo-intellectuals who think otherwise: For them all beliefs and faiths in soul and spirits are beyond the reach of science. They claim that beliefs, faiths, soul and spirits are invisible and they have no physical existence and that therefore science has no say in these matters.

Visibility is a visual experience nurtured by brain. There are many invincible things in the universe like air and various types of gases. Simply because these are invisible to naked eye, they are not out of science and scientific studies.

The concept that there are things in the universe which are out of the reach of science has arisen because the beholders of the concept do not understand what science is.

Science is a systemic branch of knowledge; science is a branch of study based on the operation of general laws applicable in the physical or material world. Anything that exists outside the physical, material world, if such a thing exists, can be construed as being outside the scope of science. But then the question that arises in the context is as to what would be that thing which is outside the material, physical world?

All kinds of beliefs, faiths, beliefs of soul and spirits are created by human brain. No animals, birds and other living organisms except humans have any belief or faith in and about god, soul, spirits and innumerable other supernatural entities. The central nervous system of human brain reached limitless complexity enabling it to fathom deep into subjective imaginations pertaining to everything including beliefs.

Brain is an inseparable part of human body which exists in the material physical plane as part and parcel of Universe. Therefore imaginations and beliefs created and nurtured in human brain is within the reach of science; all sorts of beliefs, beliefs in god, spirits and soul are accessible to scientific evaluations and conclusions.

Ever since homo-sapiens species evolved on the surface of Earth, their brain activity of thoughts and actions started following a two-way traffic route. One of the routes they followed confined itself within the frame-work of subjective thoughts and ideas while the other one they pursued was based on objective reality. The path of Subjective thoughts is based on contextual imaginations made without tangible evidence. That process of subjective imaginations which the perceivers could reach out was easy and simple to postulate. On the other side, objective reality stands face to face with real objects where no imaginations are called for to find a position in the physical plane.

As far as science is concerned both the above mentioned two-way traffic routes followed by human thoughts are within the scope and reach of science. Today the Study of neuroscience is in a very advanced stage: Discoveries made by the great Physiologist Ivan Petrovich Pavlov during the first part of the twentieth century have proved that all kinds of sensations, perceptions, conceptions and judgements are the product of brain cells which are facilitated by and through the working of unconditioned and conditioned reflexes with the aid of First and Second signal systems.

In the above said back ground, it can conclusively assert that there is nothing in the world which is out of science; which is beyond the scope and reach of science. Let therefore the gloom-dreamers continue their somnambulistic sleep walking carrying their beliefs, faiths in soul, sprits and other supernatural entities on their head: For optimists of objectivism, science is everything; science has no limitations. Science spreads light in every area of thoughts and actions of human brain.

Feminism – Essence and Aims

Feminism is a strategic movement which stands for equal rights and opportunities for women in line with those enjoyed by men in political, economic, social and cultural fields including education and employment. Feminism may also be described as an organized system of activities aimed at achieving women’s rights and preserving their interests. Feminism targets the global vision that men and women deserve equality in opportunities, personal treatments, mutual respect and all rights that men enjoy. Feminism therefore demands that social inequality based on gender and skin colour should be wiped out from the face of Earth.

There is no clear-cut evidence to prove as to when and where exactly feminism originated in the world. Some researchers have made vague presumptions that fight for equal rights for women could be traced to the Middle age period in the Middle East saying that early reforms in Islam allowed women to divorce and claim inheritance. But the presumption is questionable because female gender has been a tool for abuse and oppression in every religion throughout the history and the right to divorce and inheritance could never be regarded as achievements made by feminists in the Middle East in those primitive days. The stated rights in the matter of divorce and inheritance for women ought to have been made available to women by male religionists of the faith and it cannot at any rate be taken as an achievement made by the female.

References in some books written by early female writers show incidents of verbal defence made against sexual abuse and harassments meted out by males. The first such reported reference is in the book “Epître au Dieu d’Amour” penned by French writer Christine de Pizan (AD 1364 – 1430). In that reference, though it lacks clarity, it could be assumed that feminism as a stream of thought to fight for female rights originated during 14th or early 15th Century AD.

In advanced democratic societies, the organised system of feminism could achieve progress in social, cultural, economic, and personal matters as well as in the field of education and employment. Similarly feminist movements in secular-democratic Countries could garner support from various sections of people including male dominated social organisations which helped female genre to vote, to hold public offices, to earn fair and equal pay, to own property and also to achieve equality in matters of matrimony, protection from uncontrolled tirades of rape and sexual harassments.

Of late, certain section of feminist organisations appears encouraging male participation in their fight to achieve social approval and engagement for gender equality. As a result, in general, the present day feminism cannot be taken as a movement confined to females alone: The term ‘feminism’ cannot, in that context, be attributed to a movement of female gender. But some section of feminists furiously oppose the idea of male participation in the movement exhorting that male participation would end up in nauseating problems due to the time-born traditional patriarchy. However, taking into account the need for total security for females and transformation of the society in general,  it is essential that any organised or unorganised feminist movement shall have to go ahead as a united front consisting of both the genders. Then only the traditional practices of male domination including the age old patriarchy could be demolished.

Presently Feminist movement particularly in the Western Countries is divided in terms of Waves as First Wave, Second Wave and Third Wave. Each Wave deals with different issues related to feminism. The First Wave refers to the women’s movement which fought for right to vote during the nineteenth and early twentieth century. Second Wave belongs to the women’s liberation movement of the 1960s. It fought for social and legal rights for women. Then the Third Wave is the resurgent operations for achieving what could not be achieved through the first and second Waves. The movement that carries on its efforts since the 1990s is called the Third Wave Feminism.

Whatever be the classifications, feminist movement could spread a strong message among various segments of the society and through it to the conscious of the authorities responsible for the welfare of the people. With the advent of Social Media like, twitter and facebook, the message of feminism could attract wide range of tech-savvy genre and engage them in the movement all across the world.  That forced the governments as well as non-government organisations to introduce pro-active measures for wiping out inequalities and sufferings facing the female gender both in developed as well as underdeveloped countries irrespective of their religion, caste, colour and culture. The achievements could undeniably be attributed to the modern feminist movement, executed by and through female-male participation. The joint-venture entrepreneurship has a long way to tread because of the strong religion-centric, deep-rooted caste system, colour discriminations and economic factors which still rule the roost in Countries like India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, African nations and many other Countries.

As in the case of any other movement, feminism too needs the female-male participation as a gender-free neo-neutral Global Body. The reason behind that concept has rational basis: It is an undeniable truth that due to biological and procreative reasons there are differences between female and male genders. Though women have more communication skills, practical solutions for problems, emotion and empathy towards others and skill to manage stress-situations, the participation of men cannot be denied for men in the prevailing social, cultural and patriarchal domestic situations can do things and matters shrewdly employing muzzle and vocal skills.

All species consist of both male and female genders with an exception of a miniscule lot called the ‘transgender’; but transgender itself is a gender and therefore, it too belongs to the species of homo sapience:  Existence of the species in the survival track of Nature is a joint-venture enterprise carried out through female-male participation. Therefore, any movement to achieve its ultimate targeted growth, female-male participation is a must:  And there lies the global need for tuning ‘Feminism’ into a female-male joint venture entrepreneurship.

India of Science – A Verdant Verdict

Independent studies have revealed certain hidden historical truth about ancient India that is known as Bharat. The ancient India was the epicenter of a philosophy which was based on materialism. The people of the era discussed the materialist philosophy and practiced materialism in their day to day life. It was a scientific way of life that prevailed in those days of the past.

Historians have picked up threads of those thoughts and practices and they codified them under the title, “Charvaka Samhita” which gives a clear picture of the ancient materialistic philosophy that was the order of thoughts and actions of the people. The settlement of those people was centered on Sindhu and Gangetic river belts which formed part of ancient Bharat.

The materialist philosophy of Charvaka is reported to have developed during 7th Century BCE: That was the period when the saga of world renunciation started spreading among developing communities in different parts of the world.

Charvaka philosophy upheld strict materialistic perceptions: According to the perceptions, those matters which have no objective reality, does not exist in the universe. The Charvaka School of materialism was popular and was practiced by people of the clan for a very long time. The Philosophy rejected everything unless that could be proved as true through and by sensory experiences.

Charvaka philosophy stood as the most irreligious and skeptical ideology ever devised and practiced anywhere across the Globe, in the past. It was a highly developed civilization of ancient India and that civilized, materialistic society of scientific ideologies and pursuits is also known as Indus Valley Civilization. The valley covered areas including Indus river belt in the present day Pakistan and northwest India.

Things did not go smooth for the atheistic society of Charvaka thoughts: The scientific way of life that prevailed in the Indus Valley had to face the biggest body blow by BCE 15th century. That was the time of Aryan migration into the Indian sub-continent particularly the area covering the Indus Valley Civilization of the Materialist-Charvaka Society. The body blow was the biggest tragedy that wiped out science and scientific pursuits of ancient India. Many historians call Aryan migration as Aryan invasion, may be, because their arrival was not in search of livelihood but to capture power and to establish their supremacy.

Aryans belonged to ancient central Asia and Europe including areas covering Hindu Kush Mountains. Their belief system was called Zoroastrianism; Zoroastrianism was the belief system of Persia, the present day Iran. Zoroastrianism is believed to have been introduced by one mythological figure named Zoroaster in the 6th century BCE. He perceived the ideas of God, Heaven, Hell, Evil spirits et al which form part and parcel of every present-day Religion in the world.

By nature Aryans were a set of aggressive nomadic tribesmen and they were cattle herders by profession. They migrated to Indus Valley plains in large numbers. They vehemently let loose and forcibly spread their traditional beliefs and rituals in the Sindhu and Gangetic river belts eroding steadily the prevailing Indus Valley Civilization; alongside they thrust their rituals and ritualistic practices upon the local Charvaka community.

The culture and life style the invaders brought with them were entirely different from that of the original inhabitants. They converted the fertile land they occupied into prosperity with agriculture and trade. As years passed by, they the migrant Aryan-invaders began to call themselves as Hindus because of their proximity with the Sindhu River. The contextual reason for such a change is explained on the basis of a purported fact that there was no letter ‘S’ in Persian linguafranca  and hence the visitors replaced the letter “S” in the word ‘Sindhu’ with ’H’ and thus they became “Hindus”.

The Aryans codified their ritualistic practices under a caste system called “Chaturvarna Vyavastha”. The Varna Vyavastha, the system, was built on the criteria of skin color and supposed spiritual-knowledge-pool of the clan: They, then, thrust the Varna Vyavastha upon the local populace by force.

Under the Chaturvarna Vyavastha, Brahmins, the topmost layer in the system, were the custodians of a perverted intellectualism. Their intellectualism transgressed into total subjectivism replacing all materialistic thoughts at every level. Science and its application in social and cultural spheres of human pursuits were replaced by Brahminical spirituality pushing black-brown-skinned original inhabitants into the lower strata. The lower strata, accordingly, got de-classified, one after the other, as Kshatriyas, Vaisyas and Shudras keeping Brahmins at the top of all.

Brahmins established ultimate supremacy in every operational area for amassment of wealth, prosperity and authority. The process continued till the total annihilation of materialistic thoughts of Charvaka philosophy from the face of India almost altogether. Whatever vestiges of the materialistic philosophy remained, they are now scattered here and there under different names such as Humanists, Skeptics, Atheists and Rationalists.

Dangerously aggressive affiliates of Hinduism, today, have taken over the task of spreading all that is against science and scientific temper of the society. Except for a few intellectuals, almost all Indians today are under the cloud of this peculiar trend of the cloudy darkness which is totally opposite to the shiny light of scientific temper and scientific attitude of the ancient culture. Also, in the current scenario, under the guise of democracy, the aggressive affiliates of the post Aryan invader-clan broke into Political arena, as well: They are playing the fiddle of religious rhythms to attract the people towards subjective ideologies. Thus the ancient India of materialist philosophy is now tracking the path of the spiritualistic philosophy. The divide between the philosophical thoughts of materialism and the philosophical thoughts of spiritualism is widening steadily across Indian subcontinent as years pass by.

 

Mid-brain Activation Technique

An invisible, mischief-laden misty cloud called Mid brain Activation Technique has started spreading its tentacles for quite some time, over the Indian sub-continent and from there over other Countries, enticing gullible parents of school and college going children in the age-group of ten to fifteen years. The parents are attracted towards the so-called mid brain activation program because of the bold promises made by the organizers of the training program that their children becomes super-intelligent in studies as well as in other operational areas of their life once they undergo the training.

An institute in India, named Genius Mind Academy, reportedly the first of its kind in the Country, started Mid-brain activation training program during the year 2005. Another institute in Mumbai began providing training of its own Mid Brain Activation technique in the year 2010. Apart from Mumbai, almost all other cities and towns including Bangaluru (Bangaluru) are also leading the race. These institutions have extended their activities to more than twenty States in India and also to foreign Countries like Dubai, Yemen, Africa, New Zealand, Canada and Australia.

The minimum monthly fee these institutions charge on the parents of the children varies from Rupees Fifteen Thousand to Twenty-five Thousand per month. Naturally therefore only super-rich parents go after the super-intelligent-building program for their children. The truth behind the whole drama, however, is that the only motive and purpose of the organizers is to make money without any efforts and investments.

Propagandists of the mid-brain activation technique assert that the program intended for children is directed at making the children super-intellectuals endowed with extraordinary skills. For that purpose they first purportedly equilibrate the functions of both the right and left brain sectors of the subjects. The left-right mid-brain equilibration, according to the Visionary-trainers, increases the depth of memory pool; improves self-confidence; builds up higher imagination capability for planning and creation; brings stability of emotional force and increases learning prowess of the trainees. In that back-ground it is quite natural that the parents would go to any extent to make their kids the super-best. That is certainly the compelling force which pulls the parents to queue up before the promoter-trainers to get their kids admitted for mid-brain activation training irrespective of the fact that they have to shell out huge sums of money every month.

For outsiders, however, mid brain activation training looks very simple but the trainers and propagandists claim otherwise. The latter group asserts that the technique creates ‘Intuition’. The intuition enables children to see and undergo sensory experiences even when their eyes are tightly covered with cloth. With eyes closed they can read books, tell the page numbers, locate different objects and name them, identify colors, read news papers, tell what is behind a wall, walk safely, and do cycling, carry out shooting, play games on a PC; all of course with their eyes tightly closed.

As stated, for igniting mid brain activation, the children are blind folded before they undergo the training. Then they are directed to do certain type of crude yoga steps like bending legs and hands to different directions and up and down, take long breathe-ins and breathe-outs. That is all the basics of the training. Thereafter, with eyes blindfolded, the children are directed to read titles and page numbers of some book, identify color and keep things like plastic cubes in line with shapes and sizes.

There ends the training; there starts the subjugation and loot endured by the misguided, irresponsible, gullible parents for the sake of a jugglery-show. In order to make mid brain activation technique attractive, the loot-monger clan of trainers propagate that the training is based on neuroscience. According to the postulation, inside the cerebrum of human brain there is a section called the inter-brain that lies between the left and right hemispheres. That part of the brain is the ‘third brain’. Third brain when energized through their training program improves the capabilities of the human thoughts and actions including consciousness and intuitions.

Intuition is projected as the cardinal factor behind mid brain activation technique meant to create advanced levels of intelligence. For the proponents of the training program, the most important force that is generated through the third brain activation is ‘intuition’. According to their propaganda, intuition enhances consciousness both of which help the trainees to become ’super-intelligent’ in their existential pursuits.

Intuition is a subjective imagination postulated by believers long before the Middle Ages and it continues to be a part of all major religions across the world over. According to the belief system, intuition exists in the spirit world and it traverses through sixth sense. Concepts of the spirit-world and sixth-sense are absurd ideas which have no scientific basis. There is no spirit pervading the universe to create or to destroy anything in the World. Since there is no spirit world, the ideologists’ claims about intuition have also no space in the physical plane.

Similarly, the story of sixth sense is also a fallacy. All humans and all higher animals have only five senses. These senses represent the faculties of seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting and touching. These abilities of human brain owe its functionality to the excitation and inhibition of nerve cells in the five sensory centres like, visual center, auditory center, olfactory center and motor center located in the cerebral cortex. In the absence of the existing five senses and sensory centres, no one including the people of the extreme religious faiths and the persons of the deepest spiritual achievements, can have any sensory experiences. Non-existent Sixth sense cannot help anyone to receive or perceive any information.

On the other side, Consciousness is a mental faculty of knowing the surroundings and matters of existence. While consciousness can be part of memory, concept of intuition helps memory to carry subjective imaginations and blind beliefs and faiths. Un-controlled ill-flustered subjective imaginations and beliefs create illusions, hallucinations and delusions the result of which is diseases of mental retardation and derangement.

At no stretch of the track, the training program helps build intelligence. Intelligence is the ability of human brain to reach correct conclusions about what is true and real for resolving issues and problems being faced by individuals; it is the capability of the human mind to know generality and intricacies of situations to decide ‘course of action’.

Mid-Brain Activation Technique is certainly a mockery meant to cheat the public. Mid-brain has no role for development of intelligence and memory. Sensations, perceptions, conceptions leading to memory take place through excitation and inhibition of nerve cells in cerebral cortex located at the forefront of the brain. The so-called mid brain activation training is injurious to brain development of children and it may later lead to mental retardation and cerebral damages.

Black Hole in Human Brain

Black and White are well known, well identified colours, even though science does not recognize them as colours.  Right from its origin, VIBGYOR had deep-rooted enmity towards WHITE and BLACK. Certainly that might be the reason why VIBGYOR denied membership to WHITE and BLACK in their group. But that did not matter the least for the duo. They founded permanent dwellings in Space, more specifically in Galaxies and also in human brain. Major part of the human brain is in the custody of WHITE codified as white-matter. The rest is occupied by black: Black created imaginary holes here and there inside white matter. It nicknamed the imaginary hole on the white-field as BLACK HOLES.

Scientists have confirmed that there are so many BLACK HOLES in Galaxies. These holes are totally different from the holes which are abundant on the surface of Earth. They are full of darkness and thereby black even during day time as they are during night as it ought to have to be. But the black holes in galaxies have inexplicably mysterious reactions as compared to the black holes on earth. Nothing, not even light can escape from black holes in galaxies. Whatever matter, including light rays, pass by or try to enter the black holes, they get sucked in, crushed and then get dissipated to nothingness.

Black Hole phenomena in the Space can reasonably be called as miracles because, till date, Scientists could not make even an inch of progress to find out anything about Black Holes except for their getting excited over the phenomena. They continue to be clueless as to how black holes are formed, what happens to matter including light which get sucked in when they happen to pass by, how they exist and how long they will continue to exist in Space.  No answers to these questions. The phenomena of Black Holes remain as mysterious as ever. Despite decades of research, these monstrous cosmological phenomena remain shrouded in mystery. Let it be so, for now, till scientists find something crucial with tangible evidence about the basics of Black Holes.

Wait for a moment:  Just ponder over the Black Hole phenomena in Space: As soon as one tries to ponder over the phenomenon, there comes in  a serious thought about human brain. Just like in the case of the black holes in Galaxies which swallow everything but never allows anything to escape, there are large number of people among the denizens of human race who take in abundance of knowledge during their day to day engagements with people around, newspapers, magazines, books and periodicals  as also what they hear from public platforms.   Whether these persons are intellectuals or ordinary people, nothing comes out of their mouth from the knowledge-pool they stored in their mind, either in the form of words or by signs and symbols. They do not undertake lectures or do not address public meetings or elocution competitions. Neither are the knowledge and information used for self acclamation or for appreciation. They are the people whose brain and sensory centres can be taken as carriers of BLACK HOLES similar to those in Galaxies except for the fact that unlike the black holes in space, the black holes in human brain do not dissipate and destroy whatever knowledge and information they contain. Similarly, unlike the space-centric black holes, black holes in human brain are neither black in appearance  nor are there any holes, presumptive or otherwise, in their sensory areas or the brain as a whole.  The term ‘Black Hole’ in human brain created by researchers, is just a synonym to emphasize the nature of a set of people and personalities who keep mum despite their being the store-house of information, knowledge and intellectual ism.

Kudos to all the black hole-bears: But for them the human habitats on earth would have become   soundly and nightmarish for the residents.  They deserve all the appreciations for maintaining normalcy in ecological, social, cultural and political arenas for the Good of Nations.